BIOMASS (WOOD CHIPS)

Retrieved from "Green Energy"

The great forest wealth we have in the Central Europe is very likely due to strict laws of the Habsburgs. Their "forest regulations" have been the first step towards a planned and sustainable forest management. Of the total area, more than 40 % of Slovakia is forested, while only 55 % - 60 % of the forest crop of the forests in Slovakia is being used. Burning of the wood chips produced from the wood waste collected within the area of 60 kilometres from the biomass power plant offers the chance to benefit from the forest wealth directly in the region. In the current global economics, the most of the timber from the forests in Slovakiaends up on the foreign markets. So called "energy wood" is the wood that is after processing to wood chips used for the production of energy near the location of its production.

This "energy wood" enables to use the added financial value of timber to people who live directly in the region, so rich in forest crops. Where there a wise forest management has place, where the biological limits of forest reproduction and regeneration are respected, where people do not treat forests and nature in a predatory way, there the forests and the timber create an inexhaustible and continuously sustainable source of energy, having minimal impact on the environment when burning the wood chips. Combined production of electricity and heat energy, which has its place also in the biomass power plant in Bardejov, represents stability in wood demand for the foresters because the wood chip is needed not only at the time of heating seasons, but throughout the year for the production of electricity.

At present, spruce mortality, which takes up the dimensions of an environmental disaster, poses a significant problem for the forestry. A well - timed chipping of coniferous salvage felling timber is essential for healthy hygiene of forest crops and it is the most ecological method of using waste timber. Here, the biggest problem appears to be shortage of power stations using cogeneration of heat and electricity energy production, with the annual collection of forest chips, especially with the collection during summer. Executed programme of a biomass usage (wood chips) for the production of green energy represents significant contribution to fulfilling the government programme in usage of renewable forms of energy and fulfilment of commitments of the Slovak Republic in respect of the European Union.

Impact on the enviroment

Ash:

It is a pure ash from wood without any chemical or hazardous agents, which is environmentally harmless. Ash is retained in two sealed containers and conveyed. There is no ash damp site created within the area of the biomass power station. This ash can be used in agriculture as a fertilizer and/or used for recultivation of old damp sites, stone quarries and the like.


Increasing traffic congestion:

The increase in traffic congestion by load trucks which would transport wood waste to the biomass power plant in Bardejov if compared to the present state is virtually zero. Out of the current number of passing load trucks, the same number will pass through; only a fraction of them will unload a cargo at the biomass power plant in Bardejov.


Impact on the quality of the air and the quantity of produced CO2

Biomass is a neutral fuel. At its combustion, almost the same amount of CO2 is released as it is consumed at growth of biomass by photosynthesis. Burning of biomass, unlike fossil fuels, does not increase the concentration of organic hydrocarbons in the atmosphere.